It prefers poor, dry upland soils, but is also found in moist mixed woodlands. BioOne. Birch trees are recognizable by their bark, which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray birch. Omissions? Betula populifolia (gray or grey birch) is a deciduous tree native to eastern North America. ©J.S. Rarely 12 m (40 feet) tall, it is covered almost to the ground with flexible branches that form a narrow, pyramidal crown. Young trees have almost pinkish bark. It ranges from southeastern Ontario east to Nova Scotia, and south to Pennsylvania and New Jersey, with disjunct populations in Indiana, Virginia, and North Carolina. The tree often has multiple trunks branching off of an old stump. Betula populifolia leaves, New Brunswick, Canada. The birch tree is popular among homeowners due to its beautiful bark, modest size and graceful branches. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. gray birch Betulaceae Betula populifolia Marshall symbol: BEPO Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, triangular with a very elongated acuminate tip, 2 to 3 inches long, doubly serrate margin, green above and paler below. Gray, Paper Birch Trees Another birch tree grown as much for its peeling bark as for its fall foliage is the paper birch (Betula papyrifera). Like other North American birches, gray birch is highly resistant to the bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius). With its whimsical branches and gorgeous fall foliage, the birch tree is a … Web. The bark of the saplings and trees is white, but punctuated with gray chevrons where the branches meet the trunk. Betula populifolia (gray or grey birch) is a deciduous tree native to eastern North America. (Gray Birch has been crossed with red-leaved cultivars of European White Birch to get more heat and drought resistant trees.) "Grey birch" redirects here. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Our plants are grown from seed collected from the original Whitespire Birch selection in an isolated seed block. Tree Size: 20-40 ft (6-12 m) tall, 1 ft (.3 m) trunk diameter. Quick growing but short-lived, it seeds prolifically, providing burned or abandoned areas with a ground cover that protects the seedlings of more permanent trees. Sun, will grow on poor soil, both wet and dry. March 24, 2004. long (10 cm). It is a short-lived, small, pioneer species that readily colonizes clearings. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Birch, any of about 40 species of short-lived ornamental and timber trees and shrubs constituting...…. Gray birch, also spelled Grey Birch, also called Oldfield Birch, Wire Birch, or Poplar-leaved Birch, (Betula populifolia), slender ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found in clusters on moist sites in northeastern North America. Check out our gray birch tree selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. Two of the most common birch tree species in the Northeast are the River Birch and White Birch. Preferred hosts are European white birch and whitebarked Himalayan birch; paper birch, gray birch are also attacked; river birch is rarely infested; More information on Bronze birch borer; 2 of 5. Hardin, James W., Donald Joseph Leopold, and Fred M. White. It occurs to some extent statewide, but is only abundant in the southern and eastern sections of the state. [1] The bark is chalky to grayish white with black triangular patches where branch meets trunk. It is also planted as an ornamental in naturalistic landscapes. to Bronze Birch Borer." Providing interest year round, this birch tree deserves a prominent spot in the landscape where its natural beauty can be enjoyed day after day. populations of Gray Birch in Illinois may be naturalized descendants of cultivated trees. Gray birch… Deciduous tree, 30-40 ft (10-12 m) tall, upright habit, bark attractive, grayish-white with black markings, leaves glossy green, yellow in fall. Updates? The white bark of Gray Birch is tight on the trunk and develops gray streaks when old around the base of the tree. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. University of Florida Environmental Horticulture, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Betula_populifolia&oldid=945753781, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 March 2020, at 22:49. The flowers are wind-pollinated catkins 5–8 cm long, the male catkins pendulous and the female catkins erect. Living only about 30 years, it is a common pioneer species on abandoned fields and burned areas. Deep ridges on the bark are characteristic for the older plants. Check out our gray birch trees selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. Nielsen, David G., Vanessa L. Muilenburg, and Daniel A. Herms. Habitats include burnt-over areas of sandy woodlands and sandy savannas, scrubby sand prairies, thickets, banks of https://www.britannica.com/plant/gray-birch, Missouri Botanical Garden - Betula populifolia. It grows in dry to draining wet soils in … It is frequently found in old fields, burns and heavi-ly-cut areas.This is a small tree that commonly Starker lists gray birch as low in resistance to fire, ranking it 17th out of 22 fire-resistant hardwoods in the northeastern United States. Shiny, red … By the time the tree is old, its bark has darkened considerably and taken on a rough and fissured appearance. Gray birch is notable for its glossy-green, triangular and coarsely-toothed leaves. Gray birch, also spelled Grey Birch, also called Oldfield Birch, Wire Birch, or Poplar-leaved Birch, (Betula populifolia), slender ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found in clusters on moist sites in northeastern North America. Small, often multi-stemmed tree with white bark. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It can also be planted as a nurse tree to protect more valuable pines in the landscape that require protection to become established. A good selection for poor soils and other difficult sites, it also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). This is a cultivar of a tree n ative to the northeastern United States. We also have an alcove where residents gather and socialize. Shows some resistant to bronze birch borer. It is native primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with a scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois. Older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. Cherry Birch (Betula lenta) Cherry birch is a large tree that grows from a single main trunk. Corrections? Cold Stream Farm supplies Gray Birch trees which are grown as bare root seedlings and transplants and sold both wholesale and retail with no minimum order. Bark of the birch can be white, grey, yellow, silver or black in color. Environmental Entomology 40.3 (2011): 648-53. Bark color and texture Young trees have a reddish-brown color, older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. "Interspecific Variation in Resistance of Asian, European, and North American Birches (Betula Spp.) Young trees have smooth bark. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2001. Store or transport cuttings, if you cannot immediately place them in the rooting medium, in a plastic … In spring, tiny yellowish-brown male flowers appear in drooping catkins, 4 in. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Harlow & Harrar's Textbook of Dendrology. Betula populifolia, commonly called gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40’ tall. Birch is a lovely tree with ornate bark - which can be white, grey, yellow, silver or black - that is often used in furniture due to its high-quality wood. Gray birch often is injured by ice and snow. Our day room allows families to gather and residents to participate in activities or enjoy quiet time. However, they can be easily distinguished by bark texture or leaf shape. 25 Sept. 2013. Gray Birch Betula populifolia - #14 Smallest of the northeastern birches, this tree tends to grow in attractive clumps and is easily identified by its dull, chalky-to-grey bark highlighted by black triangular patches where the branches meet the trunk. Between about 1930 and 1950, many gray birch trees, along with paper birch and yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis), were affected and killed by birch dieback disease.[3]. It's not fussy about soil type and can grow even in poor soils. The thin bark of gray birch is very flammable, so the tree is easily injured by fire [4,31]. No need to use pruning paint. This tree is wonderful in urban settings. Gray birch wood is used in turnery and for fuel. The fruit, maturing in autumn, is composed of many tiny winged seeds packed between the catkin bracts. Peterson. Gray birch grows quickly to 20 to 30 feet tall and 15 inch trunk diameter, with an irregular open crown of slender branches. Black triangular patches form on bark, under branches. It bears large, dark green leaves, which warm up to bright yellow in fall before they shed for the winter. It is more common further to the east and northeast. G ray birch is a short-lived and not particu-larly valuable tree. Betula populifolia bark, Vermont, US. This easy care tree thrives in either full sun or partial shade. Resistant to bronze birch borer and air pollution. Gray Birch has a 37-bed capacity, offering three private rooms and 17 semi-private rooms. Although the grey birch exhibits a smooth, thin white bark which can easily be confused with that of the paper birch (Betula papyrifera), it does not readily exfoliate. The wood is medium hard and is used for high grade plywood, furniture, drum shells, spools and firewood. The outer bark resembles that of paper birch but is not so white, peels less, and has rough, triangular, black patches below the junctions of branches and trunk. 90 GRAY BIRCH G B Betula populifolia Marsh. Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Birch will bleed sap if pruned in winter or early spring, so wait until the leaves are out on your Birch trees before you prune them. They are dark green and glabrous above and paler below, with a coarsely serrated margin. Part of a white gray birch with long branches and green small leaves Thick white, brown and gray bark of white birch. This tree is noted for (1) its non-peeling chalky white bark with dark chevron trunk patches appearing below each branch base and (… For the moth, see. It most often appears in a multi-trunked form, but also grows with a single trunk. Ambesonne Birch Tree Curtains, White Branches with Leaves Autumn Nature Forest Inspired Image Print, Living Room Bedroom Window Drapes 2 Panel Set, 108" X 84", White Grey … Tony 2 years ago The red-brown or gray bark of young stems and branches whitens as the tree matures, becoming red orange on the inner surface. See also birch. Similar to paper birch but smaller and with a more southerly range. Gray birch has been commonly planted as a landscaping tree in southern Pennsylvania and New Jersey as it tolerates heat and humidity better than paper birch and is more resistant to bronze birch borers and leaf miners. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Birch tree seeds and bark are often eaten by area wildlife. Betula populifolia, commonly called gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40 tall. Additional information on Betula populifolia can be found on the link: USDA / NRCS PLANTS Database. Its fall foliage color is yellow. Infected trees have poor growth, dead branches in … Gray white trunk of a birch tree with green branches in foliage. Gray and paper birch are easily confused as both have white bark, and they often grow together in the same habitat. [2] The leaves of the gray birch serve as food for various Lepidoptera, such as the leaf miner moth Cameraria betulivora. Bright green leaves turn a yellow fall color. It most often appears in … Tough and tender bark of gray, white, brown birch tree It is most easily confused for the paper birch (Betula papyrifera) by means of its bark; it is smooth and thin but does not readily exfoliate like paper birch does. Average Dried Weight: 35 lbs/ft 3 (560 kg/m 3) ... I’m Guessing they use the gray birch clubs for ceremonies And dances, and They use the yellow birch for clubs that would be used in actual combat. Armillaria root rot Armillaria spp. Native geographic location and habitat. 0. Gray birch is a narrow, pyramidal tree of cool climates. In one variety, the leaves are purplish when young. United States, CA, Berkeley, University of California Berkeley Botanical Garden. The leaves are 5-7.5 cm long by 4–6 cm wide, alternately arranged, ovate, and tapering to an elongated tip. 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